Phase 2: get your part 135 certification
The two basic types of certificates available to U.S. applicants are based on the type of services the applicant will provide and the location where they intend to conduct operations. These are the types of certificates:
When beginning the certification process, it’s also crucial for the applicant to decide what kind of operations they want to perform. On-demand operations, which may include limited scheduled operations, or Scheduled (Commuter) operations, which allow unrestricted scheduled operations as well as On-demand operations, are available to 14 CFR 135 certificate holders. Each type of operation, whether on-demand or commuter, has its own set of restrictions. The number of passenger seats that can be installed on the aircraft, the maximum payload limits, and whether turbo-jet aircraft can be used in that type of operation are all factors to consider.
Airplanes with a maximum passenger seating configuration of 9 seats and a maximum payload capacity of 7500 pounds, as well as any rotorcraft, may be used for commuter operations. Any turbo-jet aircraft cannot be used for commuter operations.
Phase 1: get your part 135 certification
A Part 91 operator is only allowed to provide flights for non-commercial purposes and is governed by the US Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) non-commercial operations regulations. This means that Part 91 operators cannot be compensated or reimbursed for flights they have flown under any circumstances.
The Part 91 rules are a set of conditions that the aircraft must operate under. Required landing distances, safe weather standards, and pilot training are among them. Part 91 operators are also covered under less rules than Part 135 operators, resulting in lower liability.
A Part 135 operator must have a full team of management staff to oversee all aspects of the operation, according to the FAA. This involves a Chief Pilot, Maintenance Manager, and Operations Manager, creating a consistent chain of command within the organization. The pilot-in-command, on the other hand, is the sole power under Part 91.
Overall, when flying with a registered aircraft in the United States, chartering a part 135 aircraft is 12 times less likely than flying with a privately-managed part 91 aircraft to have an accident or incident.
These disparities in accident rates are due to the additional safety precautions mandated by Part 135 rules.
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When you first start using business aviation in the United States, one of the first things you’ll hear about is the mysterious but crucial distinction between Part 91 and Part 135 operations. Many people still think of the distinction in simple terms: Part 91 is good, and Part 135 is bad. The facts are a lot more complex than that.
Part 91 of the Federal Aviation Regulations establishes general operating and flight procedures for civil aircraft. These regulations apply if you’re flying a Cessna 182 or a Boeing 777. Part 91 rules, on the other hand, are “non-commercial,” implying that no compensation, or even reimbursement, will be paid for the carriage of passengers or cargo.
You’ll need a commercial certificate from the FAA–basically, a license to charge–and, in some cases, permission from the Department of Transportation to obtain payment for air transportation. The vast majority of commercial certificates are issued for operations under Part 135 (the FAA’s charter rules) and are commonly referred to as “charter certificates,” even though their technical name is “air carrier certificates.” Obtaining a new charter certificate is a lengthy and time-consuming process, and the FAA has put a hold on new applications as of this writing, so most people who want to fly under Part 135 do so through an existing charter company.
The difference between part 91 and part 135 flying
The Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs) are rules established by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) that regulate all aviation activities in the US. Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations contains the FARs (CFR). Aircraft design and maintenance, typical airline flights, pilot training activities, hot-air ballooning, lighter-than-air aircraft, man-made structure heights, obstruction lighting and marking, model rocket launches, model aircraft operations, Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), and kite flying are just a few of the activities that are controlled. The rules are intended to encourage safe aviation by reducing unnecessary risk for pilots, flight attendants, passengers, and the general public.
Since 1958, these regulations have been known as “FARs,” which stands for Federal Aviation Regulations. However, another set of rules (Title 48) is titled “Federal Acquisitions Regulations,” which has resulted in a misunderstanding regarding the acronym “FAR.” As a result, the FAA began referring to specific rules as “14 CFR part XX.” 1st